Definition: The Spanish Conquest of Mexico is generally understood to be the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519–21) which was the base for later conquests of other regions.

Key Search Terms:

  • Aztec Empire
  • History
  • Downfall
  • Montezuma
  • Cortez
  • Chinampas
  • Tenochtitlan
  • Aztec Warrior
  • Human sacrifice
  • Spanish Conquest
  • Disease

Terms and concepts

  • Aztec: (Peoples) a member of a Mexican Indian people who established a great empire, centred on the valley of Mexico, that was overthrown by Cortés and his followers in the early 16th century
  • Montezuma – Last Aztec emperor in Mexico (1502-1520). He was overthrown by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés.
  • Cortez – Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
  • Chinampas – Chinampa is a method of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
  • Tenochtitlan – the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City.



Kathy Livingston

Guide to Writing a Essay


Aztec History

History World


The Fall of the Aztec Empire

Ancient history Encyclopaedia

Aztec Civilization

This site gives a brief overview of the Aztecs. It discusses the city of Tenochtitlan and the Aztec religion as well as a little on their architecture and the decline of this civilization.

Aztec farming

Live Science

Tenochtitlán: History of Aztec Capital


Aztec Warriors

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Aztec sacrifice

The Fall of the Aztec Empire


How the Spread of Disease Affected the Conquering of the Aztec Native Americans.


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